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Ergonomics in the Automotive Design process pdf
Ergonomics in the Automotive Design process pdf by Vivek D. Bhise ebook of Automobile Engineering, Automotive.
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Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Proces
Cover of Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process PDF by Vivek D. Bhise, Automobile Engineering ebook
Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process PDF
Prface of Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process PDF by Vivek D. Bhise: The purpose of this book is to provide a thorough understanding of ergonomic issues and to provide background information, principles, design guidelines, and tools and methods used in designing and evaluating automotive products.
This book has been written to satisfy the needs of both students and professionals who are genuinely interested in improving the usability of automotive products.
Undergraduate and graduate students in engineering and industrial design will gain an understanding of the ergonomics engineer’s work and the complex coordination and teamwork of many professionals in the automotive product development process.
Students will learn the importance of timely information and recommendations provided by the ergonomics engineers and the methods and tools that are available to improve user acceptance.
The professionals in the industry will realize that the days of considering ergonomics as a “commonsense” science and simply “winging-in” quick fxes to achieve user-friendliness are over.
The auto industry is facing tough competition and severe economic constraints. Their products need to be designed “right the first time” with the right combinations of features that not only satisfy the customers but continually please and delight them by providing increased functionality, comfort, convenience, safety, and craftsmanship.
The book is based on my more than 40 years of experience as a human factors researcher, engineer, manager, and teacher who has performed numerous studies and analyses designed to provide answers to designers, engineers, and managers involved in designing car and truck products, primarily for the markets in the United States and Europe.
The book is not like many ergonomics textbooks that compile a lot of information from a large number of references reported in the human factors and ergonomics literature. I have included only the topics and materials that I found to be useful in designing car and truck products, and I concentrated on the ergonomic issues generally discussed in the automotive design studios and product development teams.
The book is really about what an ergonomics engineer should know and do after he or she becomes a member of an automotive product development team and is asked to create an ergonomically superior vehicle.
The book begins with the definitions and goals of ergonomics, historic background, and ergonomics approaches. It covers important human characteristics, capabilities, and limitations considered in vehicle design in key areas such as anthropometry, biomechanics, and human information processing.
Next, the reader is led in understanding how the driver and the occupants are positioned in the vehicle space and how to package drawings and/or computer-aided design models are created from key vehicle dimensions used in the automobile industry. Various design tools used in the industry for occupant packaging, driver vision, and applications of other psychophysical methods are described.
The book covers important driver information processing concepts and models and driver error categories to understand key considerations and principles used in designing controls, displays, and their usages, including current issues related to driver workload and driver distractions.
A vehicle’s interior dimensions are related to its exterior dimensions in terms of the required fields of view from the driver’s eye points through various window openings and other indirect vision devices (e.g., mirrors, cameras).
Various field-of-view measurements, analysis techniques, visibility requirements, and design areas such as windshield wiper zones, obscurations caused by car pillars, and the required indirect fields of views are described along with many trade-off considerations.
To understand the basics of headlamp beam pattern design and signal lighting performance and their photometric requirements, human factor considerations and night visibility issues are presented.
Another customer/user concerns and comfort issues related to entering and exiting the vehicle, seating, loading, and unloading cargo, and other service-related issues (engine and trunk compartment, refueling the vehicle, etc.) are covered.
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